Breast tissue and fibrocystic disease are two correlated terms as the latter refers to a condition that is characterized by abnormalities of the breast tissue, such as fibrous breast tissue or dense breast tissue. This articles aim is to provide you information on how the healthy breast tissue looks like and when it is considered to be abnormal.
Breast related conditions that are benign, meaning non-cancerous are usually affecting the breast tissue and therefore, to understand these diseases it is important to first learn some basic information on the breast tissue. The breast is actually formed of two types of tissue, the glandular tissue and the stromal tissue which is also known as supporting tissue.
The glandular tissue includes the lobules and the ducts. The cells of the lobules are those who make milk in women who are breast-feeding and the ducts are the tubs that carry the milk from where it is produced to the nipple. The breast has more than one duct that come out to the nipple. The stromal tissue or the support tissue is a fatty tissue and fibrous connective tissue that makes up the breast, gives its size and form.
Many of the natural changes in a womans menstrual cycle can cause abnormalities in the breast tissue that are normally non-cancerous. In fact, there are only two types of conditions that can affect the breast and these are the benign breast diseases (or non-cancerous) and malignant breast conditions (cancerous). Breast cancer is one of the leading death causes among women in countries all over the world but it is important to point out that in most cases, the breast conditions are benign.
Both benign and malignant breast diseases cause different symptoms and signs that are normally restricted to the breast. These include breast pain, breast swelling or the feeling that the breasts are full and heavy. These are symptoms common to fibrocystic disease, benign breast tumors and breast inflammation.
Fibrocystic disease is by far the most common breast condition in women and it is characterized by fibrocystic breast tissue. The breast tissue suffers from changes that are caused by the natural hormonal fluctuations that women have during their menstrual cycles. This is the main reason why this condition is less worrying after menopause. It affects however women over 30 years old and as it is not a severe disease but which is also very common, experts tend to call it fibrocystic breast changes rather than disease or condition.
As we mentioned above, hormonal changes that are however normal and natural can transform normal breast tissue into fibrocystic tissue. This disorder has no cure, but different treatments or recommendations are meant to ease ones symptoms. However, the outcome of these different treatments is arguable as the symptoms tend to vary by woman and the effects as well.
It is important to mention that fibrocystic disease is not a life threatening condition and it does not carry an increased risk of breast cancer. The condition can however make diagnosis early breast cancer more difficult. To conclude, the changes in the breast tissue and fibrocystic disease make reading mammograms harder and early cancer screening ineffective.